Generally, PMO is Project Management Office; but it may be abbreviation of one of these:
Project Management Office
Program Management Office
Portfolio Management Office
Because their meaning is close, in some texts P3O are used, that is abbreviation of Portfolio, Program, and Project Offices; but in this text we use the same traditional PMO expression.
For years, many project-oriented organizations have encountered to mismatching project management systems in their various projects. In some organizations, project management maturity levels vary widely in project structure.
So it is not easy to move people from one project to another, and instead of using standard training, word-of-mouth method is used.
In this kind of organization, also it is not possible to report seamlessly on organization projects and even on projects in a portfolio; in addition, usually same mistakes occur over and over and real knowledge management does not exist in their project management scope.
So the organization doesn’t even learn from its projects. Going back to the projects of such organizations and examining them, given the uncertainty of the processes, is an exhausting task.
Therefore, launching PMO in project-oriented organizations is a step toward solve these problems. PMO helps organizations align and systemically focus project management.
Although there is no written standard for PMO tasks, all definitions include tasks such as coordinating, supporting, training and upgrading organizational knowledge, developing codes, policies and processes, as well as overseeing various project management for this organizational structure has been counted.
One of the Ideavarzan services in organizations is the deployment of a project management system as well as setting up a PMO. Usually this service will start by measuring the maturity level of an organization’s project management using the OPM3 standard, and will continue by formulating process based on PMBOK standard (sixth version).
All of this process is done by experts that they have valid degrees (such as PMP); and usually, consultants are also added to the team depending on the scope of the employer’s organization.
Providing the solution depends on the contract; it may include a group of services such as formulating and correcting of organizational processes in the field of project management, providing required formats, determining the tasks and organizational structure of the project and the PMO, as well as the preparing and commissioning of relevant tools (IPMP software with possible customization)